Last updated: December 26th, 2019
Welding machines have come a long way since their early beginnings. The concept of welding has been in existence since the middle ages when metal pieces were first heated on a flame at very high temperatures before being hammered together to join them. This method was later replaced by the use of electric and gas flames which proved to be safer and faster for welders. Today, welders are using nearly 30 types of welding that employ elements like electricity, gas, and laser beams.
The Invention of the welding machine is one of the greatest developments in metal fabrication. Modern metal fabrication would be impossible without it. Welding machines are available everywhere like factories, construction, workshops or even in your garage. It is really great and useful for construction, car repair or DIY.
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The metal things can be easy to repair, but people often skip them. They think of them as costly or time-intensive. But with the right tools and guidance, it can actually be a very simple process
A good welder is a small investment considering the time and money that it can save you. Even hiring a novice welder for a few hours worth of work can be more expensive than buying your own welding unit. When you want to lower the cost of home repairs take control over when the project gets finished, invest in your own welder.
If you are thinking about welding for the first time? Of course, you’ll want one of the best welders for beginners to help you learn quick and easy. Unfortunately, looking for a new welder today is overwhelming, there are so many options available to consider. You can find dozens of models from a single manufacturer or hundreds of options if you search online. The best welder, that is what you’ll find here today!
Below we’ve included reviews of the 8 best welder for beginners on the market. The first let’s look at some of the categories you can choose.
Comparison of Best Welder For Beginners
|Hobart 500559 Handler 140 MIG Welder||MIG||115V||4.7/5|
|Lincoln Electric K2185-1||MIG, Flux-Cored, Stick, TIG||115V||4.5/5|
|EVERLAST PowerARC 160STH||TIG/Stick||110/220V||4.3/5|
|Amico Power - 160 AMP Stick Arc||Stick||115/230V||4.0/5|
|Forney 324 190-Amp MIG/Stick/TIG Multi-Process Welder||MIG/Stick/TIG/Flux-Cored||115/230V||4.6/5|
|ESAB EMP215IC 120/230-Volt Dual Voltage||MIG/TIG/Stick||123/230V||4.6/5|
|Miller Electric 120/240VAC||MIG||124/240V||4.7/5|
|AHP AlphaTIG 200X 200-Amp||TIG/Stick||110/220V||4.6/5|
Best Welder for Beginners – Our Pick
Our pick for the best welder for the beginner is Hobart 500559 Handler 140 MIG Welder. The Hobart Handler 140 is the most popular Flux-cored/MIG welder. It Quick and easy to use, easy to set that is a reliable choice for a range of auto body and household welding projects and is great value for money.
It operates on 115-volt common household power. Simply plug it in and weld — no additional power needed. It comes with Flux-cored and MIG welding processing that are the easiest processes to learn.
The Hobart Handler 140 is manufactured by Hobart that is a leading welding manufacturer in the U.S of welders, welding equipment. Each unit is designed and manufactured in Troy, OH USA which brings more peace of mind for you.
With amazing features, the Hobart Handler 140 really is a solid choice for the beginner.
What Type Of Welding Processes for Beginner?
Welding is a process of seamlessly combining two or more pieces of metal together using heat and pressure. It is essential to technology for many years now. From welding metal for the creation of towering skyscrapers to welding the smallest parts onto a circuit board, this process has made countless technological advances.
Read more: Types of Welding Process
Today, welders are highly specialized, using many types of welding that employ elements, electricity, like gas and laser beams. each type for different effects, needs, and technique. With a new or beginner welder, should start from techniques easily and basically. we recommend four most common welding processes MIG, stick, TIG, and Flux-Cored that fit for the beginner
MIG (Metal Inert Gas) Welding or GMAW (Gas Metal Arc Welding)
MIG stands for Metal Inert Gas is more properly referred to as GMAW (Gas Metal Arc Welding). This common type of welding was perfected in the 1960s.
MIG welders use a wire welding electrode on a spool that is fed automatically at a constant pre-selected speed. The arc, created by an electrical current between the base metal and the wire, melts the wire and joins it with the base. The welding process uses an external gas to shield the welded metal from environmental factors like oxygen. It producing a high-strength weld with great appearance and little need for cleaning.
This method is easy to learn and quite fit for beginners. It produces less welding fumes, has high electrode efficiency and requires less heat input.
MIG welding works well with a variety of alloys like stainless steel, aluminum, silicon bronze, magnesium, copper, and nickel. It is used in automotive repairs, construction, plumbing, robotics, fabrication, and maritime repairs.
Stick Welding (Shielded Metal Arc Welding or SMAW)
Stick welding, also known as Arc welding that is one of the oldest types of welding. This common method of welding was invented in the year 1802. It is a manual welding technique that relies on a consumable electrode coated in flux that is then used to lay the weld. This process is called stick welding because it uses welding sticks or rods that are made up of filler material and flux, the flux is used to protect the molten metal of the weld and the filler is then used to join two pieces of metal together
Stick welding is a bit harder to master than MIG welding, but It does not require a shielding gas, it’s also the most economical welding method and provides the ability to create an effective bond on rusty or dirty metals. However, thin metals can complicate the process, necessitating the presence of a skilled and experienced operator.
These machines are a good choice for farmers, hobbyists, and home maintenance chores.
TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) or GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding)
TIG welding, released in the year 1941, It is more difficult that requires a higher level of skill.
TIG welding is an arc welding process that uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce the weld. Just like GMAW, this welding process requires a gas bubble to protect the weld from contaminants. The gases used with TIG are usually helium or argon, whereas you would use carbon dioxide for MIG. Although some welds, known as autogenous welds, do not require it.
TIG welding is extremely versatile, but it is also one of the more difficult welding techniques to learn and Lincoln Electric TIG welders are skilled individuals. Two hands are needed for TIG welding. One hand feeds the rod whilst the other holds a TIG torch. This torch creates the heat and arc, which are used to weld most conventional metals, including aluminum, steel, nickel alloys, copper alloys, cobalt, and titanium.
TIG welding is best used in aerospace welding, vehicle, motorcycle and bike manufacturing, tubing and in high precision welds.
Flux-Cored Welding (Flux-Cored Arc Welding)
This method of welding is similar to SMAW except that it uses tubular wire-filled flux in place of a solid wire. Flux-Cored Arc Welding is also quite similar to MIG, but It can be self-shielded and the shielding gas is not always needed, depending on the filler.
FCAW is notable for being extremely inexpensive and easy to learn, although there are several limitations in its applications and the results are often not as aesthetically pleasing as some of the other types of welding methods. The fact that it is a very fast technique that tends to be very forgiving on inexperienced operators
It is used in welding thick materials, heavy equipment repair, and construction as well as in steel erection.
You had an overview of the basic processes and highlight the capabilities and advantages of each So, without further ado, let’s get going!
How Does Welding Work?
As said earlier, in basically Welding is a fabrication process in which metals and thermoplastics are joined together to produce an object or structure. These materials are commonly joined by the melting of filler material (such as steel) at their boundary points, fusing them together. However, each welder has come up with different ways of work.
Today we are looking for the best welder for beginners. So we will start with Arc welding.
Arc Welding Work
Static shock, lighting, and spark plugs firing in a vehicle’s engine are all examples of an electric arc. Arc welding involves melting the work materials through an electrical arc. This is generated by attaching a grounding wire to the welding material and then placing another electrode lead against it, itself attached to an AC or DC power supply. When the electrode lead is drawn away from the materials it generates an electrical arc (an ongoing plasma discharge caused by the electrical breakdown of gas), which through its expelled heat, welds the materials at the welding tip.
In the stick and MIG welding processes, the electrode is also the filler metal. When the filler material comes into contact with the grounded piece of base metal, it completes a circuit that creates the electric arc. The arc forms at the very end of the filler material, which melts into the weld zone, creating the joint.
In the TIG welding processes, the electrode is a rod of tungsten. The arc temperature can range, depending on the welding process used and the setting of the machine or power supply, from around 5,000°F to around 18,000°F (2,760°C to 9982°C). Carbon steel, or mild steel, the most common form of steel you will be using, liquefies around 2,600°F (1,427°C). The arc’s high temperature heats the base metal to the point at which it becomes liquid.
Feeding the filler into the welding joint takes steady hands and an eye for detail. As the rod melts, the welder must continuously feed the filler into the joint using small, steady, back-and-forth motions. These motions are what gives welds their distinctive appearance. Going too fast or slow, or holding the arc too close or far away from the material can create poor welds.
Torch welding represents another popular welding method. It is the most common type of welding and also the oldest This process typically uses an oxyacetylene torch to melt the working material and welding rod. where it is ignited to produce a high-temperature flame. Gas welding produces a welding flame of 3,100°C (5,612°F) and as such, is typically used to weld high-alloy steels. The welder controls the torch and rod simultaneously, giving a lot of control over the weld.
The torch welding easy to starts but to make a good line welding you require many experiences. But you are the beginner why not to try.
There are more extreme ways to weld. Explosion welding uses the pressure created by the blast of high-powered explosions to bond metals. Ultrasonic welding uses high-frequency vibrations to cause the molecules of metal to resonate and join. Laser-beam welding relies on powerful lasers to melt metals together
Best Welder For Beginners Reviews
Best Welder for Beginners Overall
- Amperage output: 25–140; 20% duty cycle @ 90 Amps, 19V
- Welds 24 gauge up to 1/4 in mild steel
- Operates off 115V standard household current
- 5-position voltage control selector adds a smooth, stable arc at all welding thicknesses
- Compact, and easy to you
- Built-in contactor and self-resetting thermal overload protection
If you struggling are looking for the best welder for beginners, the Hobart 500559 Handler 140 MIG Welder is the best for you. Only takes a few minutes to set up, so you can start welding in a matter of moments. This makes it perfect even for very new beginners, which is probably what makes it such a popular machine.
It is the most popular Flux-cored/MIG welder manufactured by Hobart that is a trusted brand celebrating nearly 100 years of contribution to the welding machinery industry. It is a reliable choice for a range of auto body panels, exhaust systems, mower decks, trailer frames & hitches, tool carts, gun/bow racks, household welding projects and is great value for money.
Nothing beats the Hobart 500559 Handler 140 when it comes to easy to use, power, and portability.
The Hobart 500559 is ready for welding right out of the box, set up really is a breeze with this unit. It comes with a number of accessories including a built-in gas valve, 10 ft. MIG gun with liner, dual gauge regulator & gas hose, 10-ft work cable & clamp, 10-ft power cord, extra .030 contact tips, sample spool of .030 flux-cored wire, 8-inch spool adapter, owners manual, and set-up guide. The Handler 140 is capable of running flux core steel, solid and aluminum wire — a versatility that’s hard to beat.
This compact welder is easy to take along with you anywhere that 115V AC power is available. From household repairs to heavier farm projects to auto body applications in the garage, the Hobart 500559 goes where you need it.
Hobart 500559 operates at 115V AC household power, giving you all the juice you’ll need to weld thin gauge steel (24ga.) up to 1/4in steel plate. If you need to weld aluminum, the Handler 190 welder lets you easily plug in a spool gun. It operates on 230-volt input power, with an output range of 25 to 190 amps, so you can weld materials as thin as 24 gauge and as thick as 5/16 inch. Or the Handler 210MVP and IronMan™ 230 are additional options when you need greater output power for heavy-duty jobs. But If you are beginner the Hobart 500559 Handler 140 as know well is the best welder for beginner according to the experienced welders.
The welder has a maximum power output of 25–140A. This offers the duty cycle of 20% at 90 amps which is more than enough for almost any household project. There are 5 different voltage settings which allow you to weld up to 1/4 inch steel on the highest setting. Move it down to other settings based on what gauge you’re looking to weld, 24 gauge is best on the lowest setting and 16 gauge on the 2nd setting.
No more fumbling through manuals and delaying your start while trying to find the correct initial welding settings. A handy door chart offers quick reference to all the wire, gas, material and thickness settings you need which makes it really straightforward to select the right settings.. It’s the perfect quick starting point for novices and professionals alike.
A self-resetting thermal overload system protects the unit in the toughest applications, while short circuit protection guards against current overload. You also get self-resetting motor protection, which protects against wire feed overload, effectively eliminating the need to change fuses or reset circuit breaker buttons.
The Hobart Handler 140 is made in the U.S.A. and backed by Hobart’s industry-leading 5–3–1 industrial warranty. You get a 5-year warranty on transformers, stabilizers, reactors, rectifiers, rotors, stators and brushes; 3 years on drive systems, PC boards, solenoid valves, switches and controls; 1-year on plasma torches, MIG guns, relays, contactor, triggers, regulator, accessories, spool guns, battery, field options and running gear.
No bout, If you are looking for the best welder for beginners that easy to use, powerful, r reliable and produces quality welds. The Hobart 500559 Handler 140 MIG is a perfect choice.
Best Compact Welder
- Operates off any 115V, 20 Amp household outlet
- Amperage output: 35–88; 20% duty cycle @ 70 Amps
- Adjustable wire feed speed control
- 6 ft. power cord and 8 ft. clamp cable
- 12 3/4 in. L x 8 3/4 in. W x 18 in. H
- Welds both MIG (shielding gas sold separately) and flux-cored
- Includes welding gun and cable assembly, work cable with clamp, the gasless nozzle for flux-cored welding, gas nozzle, gas regulator, hose for MIG welding, 1-lb. spool of 0.035 in. flux-cored wire, 2-lb. spool of 0.025 in. solid MIG wire, three 0.035 in. contact tips, three 0.025 in. contact tips, welding hand-shield and chipping hammer/brush
Interested in welding but don’t know where to begin?
The first step is investing in a quality welder that is easy to set up and use.
Are you ready to try your hand at wire welding? Have we got the welder for you?
The Lincoln Electric K2185-1 Handy MIG welder that can also weld flux-core. It is a portable, lightweight, compact wire feed welder and easy to use that is designed for home and hobby use. With Lincoln Electric K2185-1 gets the right tools for the welding job every time. The Handy MIG welders portable design and compatibility with household outlets give you the flexibility to weld virtually anywhere making it exceptionally useful for around the house DIY and beginner. It comes with four output ranges it has the versatility for home repair and hobby projects on mild gauge steel from 24 gauge to 1/8” thick.
Plug it into your 115V standard household plug and you are ready to go. The adjustment of your welding parameters is easy: You have a 4 settings voltage knob and the continuous wire feed speed knob to select the power and wire speed of your desires. When you attach a spool gun and a gas regulator, you even can MIG weld with additional shielding gas.
To provide a high level of safety, an integrated cold contactor feature keeps the welding wire electrically “cold” until you press the gun trigger. Furthermore, an integrated fan helps to cool the device and avoids overheating. Thus, you can count on a longer device life compared to MIG welder without integrated cooling.
The Lincoln Electric Welder has the option to weld both flux-cored and MIG, with shield gas purchased separately. It offers a duty cycle that is 20% at 70 amps. You have a variable amperage output of 35-88, the multi-use functionality of this option makes this welding machine a great option. You can swap from MIG to flux core as the job called for, without any issue or delay. It’s really very handy.
The Lincoln Electric k2185-1 ability to wield a variety of materials. From aluminum to carbon steel to mild steel, there is little this MIG welder can’t do. All you need is a power outlet, take it with you and plug it in to start welding.
It is the best welder for beginners just starting out with MIG welding, especially considering the low price point and easy to use interface. At a great price, this welder comes fully equipped with accessories to help you get started the day you unbox.
As a leading brand name, Lincoln prides itself in its machine warranties. When you buy a Lincoln Electric k2185-1 it comes with a free 1-year warranty on parts and labor. The gun and cable have a 90-day warranty. Lincoln offers really great customer service and customers are pleased with the k2185-1 for smaller projects around the house.
To sum it up, if you are looking for the best welder for the beginners, the K2185-1 MIG welder is an excellent purchase. It is one of the best welders for home-use and hobby projects.
Best Stick Welder for Beginners
- 5 Year warranty
- Dual voltage versatility
- Stick and TIG capability
- Small and portable IGBT inverter design
- Simple to set up and use
- Auto-adaptive hot start
- Auto-regulated arc force control
- Duty cycle 35% at 160amp
If your projects require a lot of outdoor welding or you find yourself in challenging positions, then a stick welder might just be the right equipment for you. Stick welding is also a welder process fit for a beginner.
The new EVERLAST PowerARC 160STH is a combination of great power and stability. It’s highly recommended to newbies and well-versed welders alike. Whether you’re just trying your hand at welding, or an old pro, you’re bound to appreciate how quick and easy. The Everlast PowerARC 160STH provides a balanced welding bundle. It comes with plenty of power and such versatile features as the ability to switch between stick and TIG welding and dual voltage versatility. It means that whether you’re a first timer, DIYer or even a professional, you’ll find it to be an efficient tool.
It can be operated in dual voltage of 110 and 220. The dual voltage capability allows you to plug the machine into a house outlet or an industrial power source. For various quick jobs around the house or shop, you can use the 120V. For heavy production work, you can switch to 220V and carry out any bigger and more time-consuming jobs.
As we’ve mentioned above, the PowerARC 160STH comes with Stick and TIG capability. So if you’re working on more precise welds that require a lot of attention to detail, you can switch to TIG and create the most aesthetically pleasing welds. For example, it’s perfect for artwork and ornamental designs.
On the other hand, if you need to weld cast iron, steel or aluminum, you can switch to the Stick process. It’s also easier to handle the process for beginners and is perfect for projects performed outdoors or in windy conditions.
This stick welder is IGBT inverter based and offers an immensely smooth DC arc. It has been designed ergonomic and it consumes very low power with professional performance of 35% duty cycle at 160 amps. This means you’ll have a 3.5 minute period before you’ll need to stop and let the machine cool down for 6.5 minutes If you are beginner this duty cycle should be sufficient for your work. There’s a digital display on the unit that will help you choose the precise current setting for your particular project.
This TIG/Stick welder also offers two start options: lift and high frequency. The high frequency is considered to be the much easier and cleaner start while the Lift start also has its benefits. You can use it if you prefer working without the pedal or if the high-frequency start can create interference with radios, computers or other electronic equipment.
Addition in Everlast offers an excellent warranty of 5 years on parts and labor, so you know this welder is built to last.
The Everlast PowerARC 160STH is an awesome little welder that can get the job done quickly, cleanly, and most importantly – efficiently that can help you complete your welding projects with speed and ease. If you’re looking for a multi-purpose welding machine for handling mostly light-duty jobs and increase skill The Everlast PowerARC 160STH is the best for you.
Best Affordable Welder for Beginner
- Rated Duty Cycle: 60% @ 115V/130A & 60% @ 230V/160A
- Dual AC voltage 115V & 230V, LCD Display
- Totally 15.4 lbs, compact and portable, easy and simple to operate
- Over-voltage protection, under voltage protection, over current protection, overload protection
- 10 feet electrode holder cable
The Amico Power DC-160 Amp is relatively new to the market but it has proven to be one of the best stick welders for home use for many users. Amico power is USA brand, welder made in China.
Amico Power Welder 160 Amp Dual Voltage Input DC Welder IGBT Inverter Welding Soldering Machine is usable in AC 115V & 230V without any other tool. This stick welder comes with 160 amp and DC input, it works on steel up to 1/4” thick, as well as on other hard and dense surfaces. As a stick welder, it reduces the nuisance of using gas from another source.
It proves to be one of the best welders for beginners with a solid duty cycle of 60% at 160 amps, you can weld for longer periods of time without having to wait all day for it to cool down. The Amico Power Welder has voltage protection from both Over-voltage and under voltage protection. Also, this stick welder guarantees against over-current and overloads.
The unit has an inbuilt capacitor bank. So when the welder turns utility power to high voltage, this voltage can be stored in this bank for future use. Later, if it needs to create more power, a microprocessor control switches this energy to a second transformer.
The Amico Power Welder is a cold starter and sometimes it is hard to hold a tight arc, it snuffs out especially in 100 amps and below. Performs best when connected to 220 but for most light welding jobs works well when connected to 110 volts (below 100 amps).
It’s ease of setup. In the box, you get everything you need to set up the rig, except the electrodes. With Weighing just 18 pounds and having a compact design, its size will be a lifesaver if you move around a lot.
Amico is not the leading brand in the market but The advantage of buying a welder from such underestimated brand is it gives you good value for money. The inverter system IGBT technology, voltage protection despite all the features Amico Power Welder 160 Amp still a very affordable stick welder for the beginners.
Best Multi Process Welder for Beginner
- Multi Process 3-in-1 Welder
- Dimensions: 19″ x 9.5″ x 16.5
- Easy to use
- Easy controls simplify switching between processes
- Euro connect torch with Tweco style consumables
- Power saving and versatile inverter technology
If you are a beginner and want to learn different welding disciplines, purchasing 2 or 3 different welders really not be in the budget a multi-process welder machine is best for you. The Forney 324 190-amp multi-process welder makes it easy to MIG, TIG, or stick weld with relative ease help you save space in your shop or garage and your money at the same time.
One can quickly change the welding process. The Forney 324 190 Amp comes with a MIG and Stick ready with gas hose and regulator. It is only DC TIG welding machine so you can’t weld aluminum with it.
Forney multi-process welder is very easy to setup and use. It comes with an accessible and quickly understandable setup guide. Moreover, both the beginner and professional welder finds it more useful.
Another great thing about the Forney 324 is its power. With 120/220V input and 190 amps output, this machine has the power you need to complete heavy-duty jobs. It can be welding stainless steel that requires a lot of power. Or it can go that low amperage to fit with TIG welding which requires low amperage.
The Forney 324 welder produces higher production in lower input power, and the duty cycle of this machine is also quite high. At 120 volts input, the duty cycle will be 25% at 90A in MIG, in TIG it will be 20% at 100A, and in Stick, the duty cycle will be 35% at 80A. Beginner always remembers that the higher the duty cycle, the lower the output and lower the duty cycle the higher will be the output. It also provides a chart for duty cycle.
It has an inverter technology that allows the machine to adjust to various input power for the desired output. It also used for setting multiple input powers.
Addition on a digital readout system, with this feature you will be able to regard the real output current and arc voltage. You may not find this feature in many MIG welders at this price.
It comes with 5-year parts-and-labor or replacement coverage on the transformer; 3 years on all other parts inside the battery charger or welder; and 1 year on external parts like cables. However, if you are using the welder for industrial purposes, the external parts are only covered for 90 days.
The primary strength of the Forney 324 Multi-Process Welder is in its MIG welding capabilities that fit for a beginner. However, if you do spring for the upgrades, you’ll be able to improve your TIG skills and weld in difficult locations with relative ease. this is an excellent welder, and we are sure that it will be a very satisfying purchase for you.
Best Professional Welder
- Starter mood and the smart mood is for novice and experienced welder respectively
- The smart and bigger HD display to show your ongoing welding status
- The machine lets you keep going without getting warm
- Available with adapter plugs with 230-volt and 120-volt
- All in one welding process including MIG, no need to buy any extra for TIG, Flux-corded and stick
- Smooth arc and additional attachment reduce extra costs
A multipurpose welding machine best seller in the category and works great whether you want Metal Inert Gas Welding (MIG), Flux corded welding or Stick welding. But, that’s not all. You can use this machine for Tungsten Inert Gas welding that is known as TIG. I’m talking about ESAB EMP215IC which is a neat little unit capable of MIG, MMA and Lift TIG all through one box.
The story of ESAB is the story of welding. When their founder Oscar Kjellberg developed the world’s first coated welding electrode in 1904, he launched a company whose innovation and uncompromising standards have helped create the history of welding itself.
This welder is suitable for all sorts of applications and is highly portable so is ideal for use across many industries including automotive, agricultural equipment, light fabrication, household and even in training schools.
The goal of owning a multipurpose welding machine is to give the owner some extra flexibility to use and their welding needs. It also means you capable learn much skill just through one box.
The ESAB EMP215IC offer the flexibility to weld with high or low power options. You can easily swap out 120V or 230V or a generator power depending on the project. The duty cycle on this welder is 20% at 130A for MIG, 40% at 90A for the stick, and 40% at 130A for TIG. Additional duty cycles and ratings are also available for those who need more specifics.
The Rebel comes with a durable five handle roll cage and a unibody steel design that makes this portable unit incredibly durable. IP23S rated and equipped means you get weather resistant features, so you’re not scared to take this out where you need it. Combine that with ESAB’s 3-year warranty, and you have a lot of security for your machine.
A larger display screen and higher pixel density enable the TFT screen to have a clearer view than other light-duty welders. Available right in the display is the ability to see the user’s manual, list any spare parts available, and do this with multiple languages.
This is one of the most important features I would like to talk about in this Esab Rebel 215ic that is the reason why the Esab Rebel 215ic is one of the best welders for beginners. The smart technology in the ESAB Rebel EMP they call sMIG, short for smart-MIG. It comes with 2 user modes. One is for beginner and another one is for an experienced person.
Beginners only need to set sheet metal thickness and wire thickness put on their welding helmet and start welding. Once done, the machine calculates all other required welding parameters automatically.
Experienced users can make fine-tuning and detailed adjustments on arc settings (e.g. arc sloping, arc power), wire feed speed and shielding gas behavior (pre-flow time, post-flow time). You can even store self-created welding programs for specific applications in the memory.
The ability to adapt right job saves any beginner’s mistake such as running it too hot or cold. You’ll be able to start your fast welding or switch project faster with the sMIG feature. It will learn and adapt to the operator and your welding techniques, styles, and personality. This allows users to create a stable arc with greater consistency, which increases the chances of producing repeatable welds of equal quality.
For better arc stability, you’ll need to tweak the voltage, modify the wire speed and Rebel makes all that simple to do. Your setting for MIG will be determined by the type of metal you are welding, the thickness of the metal and the wire you are using. All you need to simply input these details to set your parameters with the Rebel’s sMIG function and the Rebel makes it easy to start your welding for steel or Aluminum.
If you’re looking for an all-in-one machine, that gives your skills a boost, then the ESAB Rebel EMP 215IC Welder gets the job done. Because it is a unique package to run your welding project successfully. So you don’t need to buy any additional equipment to start your first welding.
Best MIG Welder For Beginners
- The multi-voltage plug which is easy to connect
- Auto spool/mig gun detect
- Detailed door chart
- Quick select drive for reduced setup time
- Inverter technology which makes the machine much lighter
- Thermal overload protection activates when the duty cycle is exceeded
- Minimal splatter
- Very quiet
- Lightweight for a heavy-duty MIG welder
Few MIG welders will stand out on their own as much as this handy tool. Miller is a respected brand by even the most seasoned workers, so you know going in that they are going to produce something good. The features and specs on this handy little welder are really impressive. Even if you are a beginner at MIG welding now, you can be assured that as you grow in skill and take on more complicated jobs.
The Miller Electric 120/240VAC 1 Phase MIG Welder is a perfect example of a complete, durable and true heavy-duty MIG welder. This model was built to last and take on any sort of welding project with ease. The complete set gives you everything you need to weld stainless steel, aluminum, mild steel and other types of material.
Miller Electric 120/240VAC 1 Phase MIG Welder is dual-voltage, so you can use it on both 120V and 240V power input. Being independent of available voltage level makes the Millermatic 211 a very versatile machine. This is really useful if you think you might be welding in different environments because you can use your household power supply or plug into a generator. Miller has designed the 211 so it’s really easy to change between the two types. All you need to do is turn the ring on the back or the plug, then simply pull it off and replace it with the other one.
While even the most experienced craftsmen and women can benefit from this tool, it is also incredibly beginner friendly. It has the benefit of being able to be powered by nearly any kind of DC circuit, so beginners don’t have to rack their brains trying to figure that out on top of everything else.
The Miller Electric 120/240VAC comes with Millers popular Auto-Set mode and the Manual mode. With Miller’s Auto-Set mode, you Just select your wire & gas combination, set material thickness and wire thickness with the turning knobs. Now, the machine will calculate the required power and wire speed by itself so you don’t need to experiment or guess the machine parameters.
With this feature, you can save time because you don’t have to try out different parameters and can rely on predefined parameters developed by Miller. Of course, the Auto-Set mode is ideal for beginners.
This Miller machine will truly give you one of the highest quality welds you could ask for, while also being conveniently portable and easy to manage. The Miller Electric MIG Welder may not be for everyone due to the high cost, but if welding is one of your long-time passions then this could be the tool for you.
Best TIG Welder For Beginners
- Weighs 50 pounds
- 3 years of long-term warranty
- High-frequency TIG Start
- Argon Regulator
- Advanced Inverter Technology with PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) Using IGBT technology
- 2T/4T function
- 140A output on 120v
- 200A output on 240v
- 9ft Stick Holder
- 9ft Ground Clamp
- Duty cycle of 60% @ 200A
MIG welding is easy and you will want to learn something harder like TIG welding then The AHP AlphaTIG 200X is a good welder for you.
The AHP AlphaTIG 200X is quality but the affordable machine with the simplicity of this welder’s design is making it easy to use. At the same time delivering the professional welds on 1/4 inch aluminum and 3/8 inch mild steel ranges. That’s great for TIG welding aluminum, stainless or steel and also stick welding.
There are some cool features with this unit and you’ll struggle to find a better value TIG welder out there that gives such good quality results. You may not use pulse feature in many of the welding jobs yet it is one of the handy features to have while you learning to weld stainless steel. Adding to all its advantages is a high-quality metal foot pedal control that is supplied for ease of use.
The AHP AlphaTIG 200X is a dual voltage welder, so you can run it on either 110v or 220v which makes it useful if you’re new to welding and don’t have a generator, or if you just want to be able to use it in multiple locations more easily. It’s really easy to change between them you just have to switch the plug over.
A great feature that it welds on 110v just as good as 220v (without getting the same power). But you can still get a lot of power out of 110V, and it goes up to 140A output and runs a smooth arc. The overall output range is 10-200A so it’s versatile and powerful and it will weld up to 1/4’’ aluminum to 3/8’’ mild steel.
The IGBT Technology makes it easy to switch on and off for AC/DC modes with the button on the front of the machine. The IGBT inverter technology uses high power to turn the working frequency of 50/60Hz to high frequency like 20KHz or higher. As of this technology Alphatig 200x can weld a wide range of materials with accuracy and cleanly.
This, it has a duty cycle of 60% @ 200A for TIG and 35% @ 155A for Stick, so you can get a lot of welding time in without overheating really fit for a beginner.
The display screen does not accurately shows the amperage the machine is set on. Even if you adjust the amperage knob, the display won’t change until you reach 2T. This leaves you having to sort of guess the setting hit or miss until you find the right amperage level for your job.
This is a multipurpose welder. It is multipurpose as you can use it to weld different kinds of materials. You have seen that it is suitable for stick and non-stick welding. When you buy this product, you will get value for your money.
An important factor which people consider when they buy this kind of product is the ease of use. It is apparent from features so far discussed that this product is user-friendly.
If you are looking for a user-friendly, versatile, and powerful TIG welder machine, you can invest in AHP AlphaTIG 200X 200. It is a high product and you will have real value for your money. It is the best TIG welder on the market and you will be satisfied with its performance.
The Factor When choose the Best Welder for Beginners
Purchasing a welder is an important long term decision that can add extra income to your bottom line, save on repair costs, and make it possible to complete a wide array of hobbies
Will have much the questions to ask prior to purchasing a welder, especially with the beginner as
What does a quick and easy welding technique?
What is the best welder for beginners?
Do it able to support 220V power?
What is the brand good for welding machine?
What kinds of materials do I plan on welding?
What price range can I afford?
The options can be overwhelming, and that is why we’ve put together this welder buying guide. You’ll find important details to consider, a comparison of welder types, and information about the top-selling brands. below are a few factors when to choose welder even beginner.
Type of material being welded
The first you must know What kinds of materials do you plan on welding? There is no single welding process suitable for all material. Take a look at some of our suggestions for welding materials and methods that can solder them. Sometimes materials are also processed using varying combinations of two or more metals to reinforce strength and functionality.
For example, you can weld aluminum with the MIG process, but you will get better results using a spool gun to feed the consumable (aluminum doesn’t feed well through a wire feeder and a long cable). Look for guidance from the manufacturer of the welder you’re considering purchasing and think about the projects you have in mind. Can you weld a variety of materials like aluminum, mild steel and stainless in a variety of thicknesses? If so, you can be pretty sure that you’re getting a machine that will grow with you.
Type of process welding
Above I have few welding methods for beginners, weighing the pros and cons of the different welding processes and the projects you are most likely going to use your welder for, is essential to making your selection.
The type of welder you purchase should be suited to the specific functions you need it for because there is no such thing as a “one size fits all” welding machine.
The MIG welding machine is the most common recommend when to choose the best welder for beginners.
Brands of welder
The top brands that are mentioned frequently in welding circles include Lincoln, Miller, and ESAB. Some welders have also had good experiences with Thermal Arc, Hobart, Kempii, and Fronius.
In generally speaking, If you are a beginner, you should put faith in the famous and popular brands. The most problems can be avoided by choosing a top name brand. When choosing among supposed equals, it may be most important to choose one that can be easily serviced and supplied nearby. Oftentimes the best choice is the welder that keeps you on task, rather than driving across state lines in search of a repair shop or welding supplies.
Welders with a higher power output can work with thicker metals, but higher voltage welders will require special power supply setups—either generators or appropriate power outlets. A welder with a lower voltage in the 100’s will not be able to handle heavy-duty jobs, but it can be plugged in and operated from any outlet. Any welder with power over 200 cannot run off a typical power outlet and will naturally cost more to run.
In addition, welders will either run an alternating current (AC) that reverses itself at regular intervals or a direct current (DC) that flows in one direction and does not reverse itself. DC offers a steady rate of energy that leads to hotter temperatures and deeper weld penetration.
AC welders usually cost less than DC welders, but the available electrodes are far more limited for AC. In fact, DC welders are more costly but remain popular because their higher power offers a wider selection of electrodes and a number of working advantages such as simple arc striking, better penetration, and improved control. Welders who expect to work on a wide variety of projects may want to consider an AC/DC combination welder.
Really just two choices here—110v or 230v—both available in most homes or garages. In general, the lower input voltages are sufficient for thinner materials; higher input voltage will allow you to penetrate thicker materials. Most beginner welders would benefit from a machine that offers dual voltage (both 110v and 230v) that they can “grow into” so that as they get more confident, they won’t be limited.
Amperage and Duty Cycle
The arc-on time for a job has a significant impact on the gun’s amperage and duty cycle ratings. For applications that require a lot of arc-on time, the gun must be rated for the higher duty cycle to meet those requirements. For jobs with low arc-on time, you’re making short welds, or you spend time on setup or cleaning between welds, a gun with a lower rating may be appropriate.
Duty cycle defines how long the machine can be used before work must be stopped to let the gun cool down. Duty cycle ratings are expressed as a percentage of a 10-minute period. If a gun is rated at 40 percent duty cycle at 200 amps, it can be used to weld for up to 4 minutes at 200 amps before needing a cool-off period of 6 minutes.
The less expensive welders have shorter duty cycles, while the more expensive welders have longer duty cycles—some can even run continuously at a 100% duty cycle.
Unlike most power supplies in which a thermal overload will shut them down, guns have no protective fuses and can operate beyond their duty cycle. When guns operate at amperages other than the ones stated, their corresponding duty cycle goes up or down accordingly.
Longer duty cycles are critical when welding thicker metals that require more time on task. For home and hobby welders, a duty cycle may not be as important a factor as it would be for professional welders. So, if you are beginners, don’t worry when your welder suddenly shut them down after the time use the gun long. It will soon work.
If you use the gun longer than its duty cycle rating, it becomes overheated and uncomfortable to use. Repeated overheating can damage a gun. In some cases, it may be more cost-effective and convenient to choose a higher-amperage gun to use for many applications instead of having multiple guns to change out throughout the day.
Welding Tips and Tricks for Beginners
Important Safety Tips for Beginning Welders
Just as it is crucial for any beginner welder to know the major welding processes, it is important for a welder at any stage of their welding career to know the importance of safety.
Always Wear Your Safety Gear
Safety gear was designed to provide welders with an extra level of protection when they are welding. This includes always wearing a welding helmet, goggles, gloves, apron, welding jacket, and long pants.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays that can burn eyes and skin. NEVER WELD WITHOUT PROPER EYE PROTECTION.
Wear safety glasses with side shields to protect your eyes while welding and removing slag.
Wear gloves to protect your hands and wrists from hot sparks and radiation burns while welding and removing slag.
Keep It Dry
To reduce the risk of experiencing an electrical shock while welding, you should keep your work area as dry as possible. If you must work in a damp area you should place a piece of dry plywood on the ground to separate your feet from the damp ground.
Weld in a well-ventilated area
Welding may produce fumes and gases that can make you ill. Be sure to keep your head out of the fumes – do not breathe the fumes!
Keep weld area free of flammable!
Move paint, solvent, gasoline, paper products, and other flammables away from the weld area so they won’t catch fire from sparks and hot slag.
Be familiar with your welding equipment
Understanding how to properly operate welding equipment protects you from harm and your equipment from damage.
Setting and Work for Beginning Welders
Setting the Amperage for Stick Welder
Select the proper amperage based on the specifications of the stick electrode. Sometimes, you may find that you have to “fine tune” the setting so that the electrode melts properly. The best way to check this is to perform some test welds on some scrap metal and look at the weld. If you notice that the weld is
piling up or you see signs of burn-through (holes in the base metal), then the amperage is probably set too high; • not penetrating the joint (little depth) or not fusing to the workpiece (doesn’t cover joint walls) properly, then the amperage is probably set too low.
Wire Feed Speed and Voltage for TIG, STICK, and Flux.
Select the proper wire feed speed (amperage) and voltage based on the specifications of your wire electrode. Sometimes, you may need to “fine tune” the settings. The best way to check wire feed speed and voltage settings are to perform some test welds on scrap metal and check the weld.
Do not use wire feed speed that is set too fast as it will cause too much metal to be deposited, wasting filler metal or resulting in possible burn-through
Do not use the voltage that is too high because it will create a flatter, wider weld bead that is porous, plus excessive spatter. In addition, high voltage can cause undercutting, a groove melted into the workpiece that doesn’t get properly filled with weld metal.
Travel speed is the rate at which you weld. A good travel speed produces a uniform weld that is slightly convex in appearance. However, if you travel too slow, the weld will pile up, wasting filler metal. If you go too fast, the weld will be narrow and lack proper penetration and fusion.
In wire welding, you want to be sure that you properly position the wire electrode over the weld joint for maximum coverage. This involves paying special attention to the work angle and the travel angle. The working angle is the angle at which the wire/stick is pointing at the weld joint. For lap and T-welds, the work angle is 45°, for butt welds, it is 90°.
Common Welding Problems for Beginner
Welding much like anything else is a skill and takes years to perfect. Even was owning one of the best welder for beginners that easy to use and a welding process easy to learn, you were still hard to avoid some common mistakes. To help you diagnose and correct problems for the first weldings, here are some important welding tips to keep in mind when you strike your arc for the first weldings.
Welding With the Wrong Current
The type of metal and electrode you’re using will determine which current to use (AC or DC) and how much to use. Check your welder’s guidelines for how much current to use, but if you’re welding a particular kind of metal for the first time, cut off some scraps and test your settings on some practice pieces to make sure you have it dialed in correctly so that your weld is strong enough or doesn’t burn through the metal.
Undercuts occur when the arc voltage is too high or when the arc is too long. It can also happen if the electrode is too large for the thickness of the plate, or if there is incorrect electrode usage or angle. In addition, Also undercuts tend to happen if the travel speed is too quick. Besides watching the speed, it is important to check for proper manipulation of the electrode used.
Losing Your Place on the Weld
If you have an old-fashioned face shield that you flip down, it can be easy to lose your spot on your weld joint. Position your hands where they need to go in order to strike your arc and to start welding; flip your face shield down with a head nod, and then strike your arc right by the weld joint. This skill will be mastered in a short time, as long as you concentrate.
Deformation happens during the contraction of welded metals when it is cooling and hardening. This is a natural physical phenomenon that you cannot avoid, even with experienced welders. But you can alleviate it if you are a beginner, let’s remember these things carefully.
This occurs if the welding sequence is not suitable for the intended weld, there are too many thin beads, poor plate fit-ups (insufficient clamping) before welding. Some good solutions to avoid deformation are to weld from both sides of the joint, welding from the center out (in opposite directions), using a larger electrode and clamping firmly.
Dirty base and/or filler metal
One of the first things you should have learned about welding is to clean materials prior to welding. When you don’t clean the mill scale off hot-rolled mild steel can cause just as many problems with weld imperfections.
When a weld on mild steel has been properly cleaned before welding, your weld will be much stronger and cleaner.
All base and filler metals need to be cleaned, whether the contaminant is mill scale, oxide on aluminum or dirt and grease on filler metals. Grind, brush and wipe away all potential contaminants.
Incorrect Wire Delivery
When welders start hearing a chattering sound within the gun cable, there could be an issue with the wire delivery system. In this instance, this is always to do with ensuring the correct set up of the equipment and maintenance.
Sometimes, welders make the mistake of using tips that are too large for the application that can lead to some of the other welding problems listed above. Some tips include ensuring that the contact tip of the gun is properly functioning and double checking the size of the wire that will be used. It is a good idea to check the tip of the wire to see if it is worn out and needs to be replaced.
Striking the Arc Outside the Weld Joint
Striking an arc can be extremely difficult for beginners who often hit the metal too hard and sometimes strike the arc on metal different from or at least far from the weld joint. The best way to strike an arc is to begin right where you plan on welding so that you can get right to work rather than risking damage to other parts of the metal workpiece.
Another common issue with welding is the creation of brittle welds that do not hold up. Bare electrodes or electrodes of the incorrect size can lead to brittle welds. In order to produce ductile welds, be sure to use shielded arc electrodes, avoid using excessive current, and pass over the weld several times.
Must-Have Welding Tools and Accessories for Beginner
Becoming a proficient welder can really broaden your DIY skill set and open up more opportunities down the road. While welding can be intimidating at first, there are certain tools that every welder should have on hand that will make things easier with full right tools and accessories.
It is important for the beginners, do-it-yourself personnel, and professional welders to use the right welding tools to get the job done at a faster rate with required precision and more safety. Own the right tools and accessories will help beginner welders to get an idea of the commonly employed tools that are user-friendly and versatile.
Unlike track saw in woodworking and Drill machine in construction, to use welding you must have quite accessories. Below are few tools and accessories must have when using a welding machine for the beginner.
Whatever you’re welding, remember safety first. If you’ve ever seen welding in person, you can testify to the blinding brightness the process creates. Looking directly at a weld site without protection can produce what’s known as arc eye, a painful inflammation of the cornea that feels like getting sand in your eye. No wonder that a good welder’s mask is a prerequisite for any welding outfit.
Welding masks come in many styles. The simplest ones have a darkened panel that the welder looks through while welding. More advanced masks auto-darken as the welding site gets brighter. In addition to dazzling brightness, welding can generate temperatures of up 10,000 degrees F (5,538 degrees Celsius) and showers of sparks, making heavy-duty gloves and a long-sleeve shirt necessary.
Welding produces a lot of heat that will burn your hands without proper safety equipment. You should also consider adding an old long sleeve shirt to help protect your arms from spattering. Pick out a shirt you don’t wear anymore as it will get damaged when welding.
Whether it’s made of leather or a non-synthetic flame-resistant material, a jacket will keep your arms and upper body safe from burns, and a hat or other head covering will stop an errant spark from landing on your scalp or neck. A bandana or backward cotton baseball cap is all it takes
You will always need to properly measure and cut metal workpieces before welding. A quality tape measure is great for this purpose, though you should consider adding a steel rule and straight edge for maximum accuracy.
A good weld is all about preparing the metal surface. For rougher materials, a right-angle grinder can help smooth, flatten, and bevel welds. Just remember to purchase an angle grinder that has enough power to clean the materials you are working.
Clamps and Squares
When welding two pieces of metal together, a set of quality miter clamps will help keep everything secure. If the piece shifts during the weld you will lose a lot of time realigning and grinding down the metal for a new weld. Further, use a magnet square to ensure the angles are straight.
Everybody needs clamps, lots of them. C-clamps, Vise-Grips, pipe clamps—you may have enough for the job, but you can never have too many.
A wire brush is great for cleaning up spatter and slag when your weld is finished. You can also use a chipping hammer for bigger cleanup jobs.
While there are specialty MIG welding pliers, we’ve found that a set of needle-nose or diagonal cutters will work just fine. You’ll frequently use them for snipping off the wire and clearing it when it gets stuck to the contact tip. Extra tip: grind the diagonal cutters a bit on the bottom until the cutting edge is flush. It will help get the wire unstuck when it melts back almost all the way to the contact.
Welding Projects For Beginners
Welding is a skill and takes years to perfect. Welding projects can help welders of any skill level increase their knowledge and understanding of techniques, fundamentals, and skills, especially with new welders.
You are the beginner and owning the best welder for beginners that easy to use. Here are the few easy beginner welding projects will help increase your skills even make money for you.
One great project that most beginners will find interesting and useful is an outdoor fireplace. This project requires very little skill, excellent attention to detail, and a good working knowledge of MIG, TIG, and ARC welding basics. Materials include steel sheets, steel rods, and a plasma cutter. It may take up to two days to complete.
If you’re looking for some extra room for your coats and jackets, you can weld together your very own coat rack. All you’ll need are some steel components and your welding supplies. Use a MIG welder to give the coat rack a professional look and to smooth out any rough edges to keep your coats and clothes from snagging.
Creating a storage rack is a great idea for any welder who likes, that will keep things as the wrench, screwdriver, the track saw, cordless drill, or framing nailer organized way for you. You make a wall-hanging rack to clear floor space if it is limited or you can create a standing rack with the wheel to move around.
This project requires a little bit of skill, creativity, and space. Once it’s complete, you can place it anywhere in your home or garage where you need some additional storage space.
Use angle brackets to make the frame of the rack. Then start creating a partition in the middle. The storage space or rack should be big enough to store the equipment that you have. For this, you can measure the equipment and make the partitions accordingly. You can use pipes or hooks if you want to hang your tools or steel metal sheets if you want to place them in the rack. Paint it off for a polished look or just leave it like if you want to show off the neat welding marks you are skilled in
There are also fun welding projects that you can do for home improvement as well. If you have a pet dog or cat, you must have realized how important it is to have a pet gate. It is important to have one if you intend to potty-train them. So make one yourself, all you need is:
- Metal tubing
- Metal hinges
Weld together a metal lattice using the metal tubing to create half inch squares. Make it big enough for your pet to be able to pass through. Now use more metal tubing to weld its border in a rectangular shape. Make sure the edges are smooth; you don’t want your pet to get hurt. Use hinges to attach this to the bottom half of your door. You will have to cut an opening in your door of the same size. Now your pet can simply punch the pet gate and pass through.
Make a garden fence to protect the garden from stray pets. All you need is:
- An aluminum-Magnesium alloy wire mesh
- Steel rods
Space the steel rods at a distance of no more than 2 meters. Depending on the area the fence has to be placed, calculate how many rods you will need. The height of the fence is completely your choice. With a 2 meter width and a height of your choice e.g. 2.5 meters cut a piece of wire mesh. Use the welding machine to weld it in between two steel rods. Continue to do that till your entire garden area is covered. It’s simple to make and quick to finish the project once you get all the necessary preparation done.
Metal carts are extremely useful, not to mention, easy to make. Use them to move heavy objects around your garage. One of the best reasons to build a metal cart is to move your TIG welder.
Draw out the design before you start welding this one. First of all, make sure that you measure the welding machine accurately so that the metal cart is not too small for it. Use the angle-iron brackets to build the outer sides. Join them into a rectangular form. Now weld the metal strips across the base. They should not be placed close enough to provide support. Weld the casters and cartwheels. Now use the steel rods to make the handle that will enable you to pull it anywhere. Your metal cart is ready to carry the TIG welding machine..around using its wheels. You no longer will have to worry about lifting that heavy thing and you can simply take it anywhere with you.
With the right welding tools, a little creativity, and the right design, any beginners can create these stunning projects and more in your own backyard.
Electric Welding Glossary
- AC (Alternating Current) – AC is common household current. AC stick and AC wire feed welding are least desirable because the arc is very erratic and unstable due to the current switching from positive to negative. However, it is the least expensive welding arc to purchase.
- CC (Constant-Current Welding Machine) – These welding machines have limited short circuit current. They have a negative volt-amp curve and are often referred to as “droppers”. The voltage will change with different arc lengths while only slightly varying the amperage, thus the name constant current or variable voltage; used in Stick and TIG welders.
- CV (Constant-Voltage, Constant-Potential (CP) Welding Machine) – “Potential” and “Voltage” are basically the same. This type of welding machine output maintains a relatively stable, consistent voltage regardless of the amperage output. It results in a relatively flat volt-amp curve (used in MIG and flux cored welders) as opposed to the drooping volt-amp curve of a typical Stick (SMAW) welder.
- DC (Direct Current) – DC is created by converting AC current into DC current. DC is the much-preferred type of current to use for welding because the arc is very smooth and stable with minimal spatter of the filler metal.
- Shielding gas – Shielding gas is supplied directly from a gas cylinder and is required for wire welding with solid wire. The shielding gas is a mix of 75% Argon and 25% CO2 (C-25), 100% straight Argon for aluminum, and a mixture of Argon, CO2, and helium for stainless steel (also called “tri-mix”). These gases come in various cylinder sizes.
- Shielding – The electric arc of a welder needs to be protected from the gases of the atmosphere in order to make a good weld. The gas either comes from burning flux (see flux) or from shielding gas (see shielding gas).
- Filler metal – Filler metal is metal from a stick or wire that is melted in the arc of the welder and combines with the metal being welded to form an alloy that binds the workpieces together.
- See the Thoroughbred Industrial Cylinder Exchange section for specifics.
- Stick – A stick is a metal electrode that also serves as the filler metal in the stick welding process. The shielding gas is obtained from flux in the electrode outer coating. See flux.
- Flux – Flux is a material included in a welding stick or flux cored wire that gives off the gas when it burns. This gas serves to shield the welding arc. See shielding.
- Duty cycle – The duty cycle of a welder is the amount of time the welder is designed to operate in a ten minute period, i.e., 20% = two minutes. The duty cycle can be increased on some models up to 100% with decreased output. However, the duty cycle is rarely an issue for customers.
- Hot Crack – A crack formed at temperatures near the completion of weld solidification.
- Hot Pass – In pipe welding, the second pass which goes over the root pass.
- Arc Force – The axial force developed by an arc plasma.
- Arc Gouging – An arc cutting procedure used to form a bevel or groove.
- Arc Length – The distance from the tip of the electrode or wire to the workpiece.
- Arc Time – The time during which an arc is maintained.
- Arc Voltage – The voltage across the welding arc.