Last updated: December 26th, 2021

If you live outside the town, it is very likely that your house will have its own system to get water from the well. According to the US Census Bureau, more than 15 million households rely on private wells for drinking, cooking, bathing, and other household uses.

Your pump is the heart of your water well system, which is why it is crucial that you have the best shallow or deep well pumps for the type of well you have. The pump is the most important equipment of your water well system if the pump is not working correctly or worse your water well system will break down.   

Although you buy to replace or set up a new system, choose the right well pump for your water well system, sometimes lead to stress than necessary because there are so many types, design, brand, and cost.

In the guide, you will not only know which is the best well pump for you, but you will also learn a bit more about the different type of pumps available, how to pumps work, and Installation.

Best Shallow Well Pump & Deep Well Pumps to Buy 

Best shallow well pumps
Goulds J5S Shallow Well Jet Pump 115/230 volt, 1/2 HP Shallow Well Jet Pump 1/2 Hp
Red Lion RJS-100/75/50 -PREM Shallow Well Jet Pump 1/2 - 1 HP
WAYNE SWS 75 Shallow Well Jet Pump 3/4 HP
BurCam 506547SS SW Stainless Steel Jet Pump & Tank Shallow Well Jet Pump and Pre-tank 1/2HP
Red Lion 97080503 Shallow Well Jet Pump and Tank Package Shallow Well Jet Pump and Pre-tank 1/2 HP
Best Deep Well Pump - Convertible Pump
WAYNE CWS50 1/2 HP Cast Iron Convertible Well Jet Pump 1/2HP
Fe Myers HJ100D Convertible Well Jet Pump 1 HP
Star JHU10 Deep Well Jet Pump 1 Hp
Best Deep Well Pump - Submersible Pump
Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A Deep Well Submersible Pump 1 HP
Red Lion 14942405 Deep Well Submersible Pump 1/2 HP

How Does Well Pump Work?

Pumps are suitable tools for lifting water from the well and centrifugal pumps are the most popular and commonly used types for doing this job. Because of their provide very high flow rates and have the ability to adjust their flow rates over a wide range.

Centrifugal pump work?

A centrifugal pump is of very simple design. The only moving part is an impeller attached to a shaft that is driven by the motor.

The two main parts of the pump are the impeller and diffuser. A diffuser or volute houses the impeller and captures the water off the impeller. Water enters the eye of the impeller and is thrown out by centrifugal force.

When the depth of water increases, it pumps less and less water. Also, when it pumps against increasing pressure it pumps less water.

The head or pressure that a pump will develop is in direct relation to the impeller diameter, the eye or inlet opening size, the number of impellers, and how much velocity is developed from the speed of the shaft rotation. All of these factors affect the horsepower size of the motor to be used

For these reasons, it is important to select a centrifugal pump that is designed to do a particular pumping job.

For higher pressures or greater lifts, two or more impellers are commonly used; or, a jet ejector is added to assist the impellers in raising the pressure.

Types of Well Pumps – Shallow vs Deep Well Pumps

We’re going to take a closer look at the different types of well pumps commonly used for residential ground wells. Finding the model that fits your home’s needs when it’s time to either install a pump for a new well or replace an aging pump.

There are 3 common well pump types available to consider

Shallow Well Pump

This type of pump uses a basic centrifugal pump and is useful for wells that only run down to 25 feet.

Convertible Well Pump

The convertible well pump is a jet pump which also sits above ground, This pump can operate between 0’ to 25’ with a shallow jet well nozzle or between 25’ to 110’ deep with an ejector assembly.

Deep Well Submersible Pump

Deep well pumps can be used in wells as deep as 90 – 400′ below ground. Unlike shallow well pumps, deep well pumps are submerged inside your well.

You are thinking of a well water pump that’s right for you. let’s go deeper to see what is the best well pump for your home.

Shallow Well Pump Reviews

The Shallow well pump is designed to collect water from a shallow well. The benefit of this type of pump is that it doesn’t use much power and the simplicity of its construction makes it easier to maintain.

But if you have a deeper well, this type of pump won’t do the job, and your house will suffer from low water pressure. The shallow well pump with mechanical systems are simpler than its other counterpart, thus little maintenance is needed. If you are budget conscious, this is the version to go for

Best Shallow Well Pump Overall

#1 Goulds J5S Shallow Well Jet Pump 115/230 volt, 1/2 HP

Best shallow well Pump overall


The Goulds J5S is one of the best well pumps in the market today that will impress you from the first time which is produced by ITT Goulds Pumps. It’s very easy to install, basically, it’s an install-and-forget shallow well pump.

The Goulds J5S Shallow Well Jet Pump runs on ½ HP and can be adjusted between 115 and 230 volts. The discharge measures 1 in. and the suction is 1 ¼ in. The pressure is adjustable from 30-50 psi and has a built-in switch to achieve this that is called Pressure switch

Without a pressure switch and gauge, the pump would run every time someone opened a water tap and dropped the water in the holding tank or pressure tank even a little.

The pressure gauge in most residential systems is set to a maximum of 50 pounds per square inch (PSI) and a minimum of 30 (PSI). When the pressure in the tank drops to 30 PSI, the switch activates the pump in the well and allows more water to flow into the system. When the reading on the gauge reaches 50 PSI, the switch kicks off.

The pump is also fitted with an FDA approved impeller, made of glass filled Noryl which is resistant to abrasion and rust.

The Goulds J5S Shallow Well pump really is a workhorse that delivers a solid performance, with solid cast iron body and stainless steel shaft.

If you are looking for the most performance, reliable and durable well pump the answer would be the Goulds J5S Shallow Well Jet Pump. It is our pick as the best shallow well pump for most people.

#2 Red Lion RJS-75-PREM 602207

Red Lion RJS-75-PREM 602207


Red Lion is a veteran American company that was founded back in 1935. They provide some of the best well pumps on the market with excellent customer service. Their Red Lion Shallow Well Jet Pump is no exception to the rule. It deserves a spot in my list of the best shallow well pump products for performance. It works perfectly for any depth up to 25’.

The feature 3/4 Hp dual motors with a glass-filled thermoplastic impeller and diffuser for high performance and efficient water flow.  It delivers up to 16 gallons per minute at 50 PSI should suffice for most homes. It runs via 115-230V with a capacitor and can be used anywhere in the world.

The Red Lion RJS-75-PREM 602207 is made out of cast iron that guarantees years of service and reliability.

And last but not least, it has a factory pre-set 30/50 pressure switch for automated operation and self-primes for improved efficiency and also to protect the head

If you are looking for the best Shallow well pump for your home Red Lion RJS-75-PREM 602207 is a perfect choice.

Depending on your requirements, it may require a ½ Hp or 1 Hp Well pump which delivers up to 12 GPM or 23 GPM. If a Red Lion’s Shallow well  pump is your choice, then consider the  Red Lion RJS-100-PREM 602208 Premium Cast Iron Shallow Well Jet Pump Or the Red Lion RJS-50-PREM 602206 Premium Cast Iron Shallow Well Jet Pump

#3 Wayne SWS75 Well Jet Pump, 3/4-Horsepower

Wayne SWS75 shallow well pump


The Wayne SWS75 offers dedicated service in pumping water from shallow wells. Thanks to the 3/4 Hp dual high-efficiency square flange motors that operate on 120 to 240 volts for versatile use. This horsepower offers enough pressure to draw water from as deep as 25 feet and a power output of 50 psi.

It comes to a reliable and well-proven pump design, along with a simplistic, yet rugged construction which makes maintenance extremely easy for the average homeowner

The pump is constructed out of cast iron making the device durable and allows it to be resistant to corrosion. It also comes with an industry-leading 3-year warranty and a great reputation that will put your mind at ease.

Overall, If you are looking for a highly efficient, yet reasonable priced shallow well jet pump, then look no further – the Wayne SWS75 is all you need. And at the current price and a 3 years warranty, we don’t think you can find any other Shallow well pump model that is better than this unit. This is one of the best shallow well pumps for the money you can buy.

#4. BurCam 506547SS Shallow well pump

BurCam 506547SS SW Stainless Steel Jet Pump


Another water pump that captured my attention is Stainless Steel Jet Pump & Tank offered by BurCam. BurCam 506547SS SW is one of the best shallow well pumps with a pre-charged pressure tank that is factory assembled and ready to install.

A Pressure tank keeps water pressure at a constant level. It also keeps the water and air separated. Without these features the water pump would turn on and off quickly – a problem caused by cycling – which can quickly burn out the pump motor.

In addition with 6.6 Gallon Stainless Steel Air Pressure Tank:

  • No water-air contact
  • No water-tank contact eliminates seeping

BurCam 506547SS SW is made of corrosion-resistant stainless steel for years of service and long life in tough. And eliminates rust contaminations and provides better quality water.

It comes to a 3/4 HP Shallow Well Jet Pump System which Ideal for use in pumping depths of 25′ or less. Thanks to 115/230 V, 60 Hz TEFC motor that provides a maximum pressure of 65 PSI,t comes with a Pre-installed pressure switch, which is factory set to 30/50 PSI. It moves up to 897 GPH/5’; 749 GPH/10’; 638 GPH/15’; 555 GPH/20’; 472 GPH/25’ at 30 PSI.

Another reason why I love this specific product from BurCam is that it comes completely pre-assembled for quick and easy installation.

#5. Red Lion 97080503 Shallow Well Jet Pump and Tank Package

Red Lion 97080503 VS Tank


Another amazing product provided by the highly reputable and reliable Red Lion brand is the Red Lion 97080503.  It quiet, easy to install, yet very powerful well pump system.

The Red lion 97080503 is also included a pre-charged pressure tank that is factory assembled that is Ideal for the supply of fresh water to rural homes, farms, and cabins where compact system size and ease of installation are most important.

This pump runs on ½ HP and can be set for use with 115 Volts or 230 Volts. It is protected a low profile, 30/50 pressure switch, compact horizontal pressure tank.

It is made of a durable cast iron body that guarantees years of service and reliability, with a 2-year warranty provided by Red Lion.

If you’re looking for a shallow well pump that is persistent and high mobility, the Red Lion 97080503 Shallow Well Jet Pump is a great unit to buy.

Convertible well Pump Reviews

The convertible well pump is a jet pump that also sits above ground. This pump is designed able to extract water from depths up to 110 feet. The deep-well ejector is located in the well below the water level. The deep-well ejector works in the same way as the shallow-well ejector.

Water is supplied to it under pressure from the pump. The ejector then returns the water plus an additional supply from the well, to a level where the centrifugal pump can lift it the rest of the way by suction.

A convertible jet pump allows for shallow well operation with the ejector mounted on the end of the pump body. This type of pump can be converted to a deep-well jet pump by installing the ejector below the water level.

Some models may include a tailpipe to ensure the well is never pumped dry. This increases the pump’s suction power, discharge pressure, and the speed of the water when it’s moving. If you have a fluctuating water table, I think the convertible well pump is a good idea.


#1. WAYNE CWS50 1/2 HP Cast Iron Convertible Well  PumpOur Pick

WAYNE CWS50 1/2 HP Cast Iron Convertible Well  Pump


The WAYNE CWS50 1/2-Horsepower Convertible Well Jet Pump is our pick as the best deep well pump for most people. It is the perfect pump for wells up to 90 feet deep.

This well pump is made of rugged cast iron for years of service and long life in a tough well pump application. It is assembled in the US with foreign and domestic parts and it’s covered by a 3-year warranty.

The WAYNE CWS50 comes to ½ Hp Dual voltage (120V/240V) high-efficiency square flange motor that provides max flow rate of 408 GPH (50 PSI). This flow more than enough to handle the water demands of the small home. Like most well pumps, the pressure switch is automatic and is pre-set at 30-50 psi

It comes to a 3/4″ NPT discharge pipe, 1-1/4″ NPT suction pipe, and a 1″ drive pipe with jet assembly is sold separately.

The WAYNE CWS50 is one of the most popular deep well pumps on the market. It’s one of the quietest and most efficient 1/2 HP well pumps. It’s powerful, very durable, and priced lower than most well pumps in its class.

Note: you live in an average-sized home with a shallow to a medium depth well where is the changeable water table, a 1HP or 3/4 HP version does exist too.

#2. Fe Myers HJ100D Deep Well Pumps from Myers Well Pump

Fe Myers HJ100D Deep Well Pumps


The Fe Myers HJ100D is also one of your top choices if you wish to find the ideal water pump for your home. What I like about it is Precision-molded impellers and diffusers provide smooth, balanced performance and efficiency.

The Fe Myers HJ100D is a convertible well jet pump that is ideal for a medium depth well. It can pump water in wells as deep as 110 feet.

Durable machined heavy-duty construction pump body with a shaft seal with ceramic face and stainless steel construction provides long product life.

It has a Heavy-duty 1 HP motor that operates on 120 to 240 volts for versatile use and double ball bearing design.

If you looking for a well pump power, solid performance, The Fe Myers HJ100D is a great unit to buy.

#3. Star JHU10 1 HP Cast Iron Convertible Deep Well Jet Pump – Made in the USA.

Star JHU10 1 HP Cast Iron Convertible Deep Well Jet Pump


Another remarkable product that you can invest in for your home is Star JHU10. I consider this as one of the top fantastic water pumps. Because of its efficiency which is designed, machined, and assembled in the USA with American quality.

It comes to 1 HP, convertible well jet pump NEMA J adaptable uni-frame motor, features include a square pressure switch, thermal overload protects against overheating that is made of cast iron.

The pump comes with a very complete instruction booklet. You can easily change the voltage from 220 to 115 volts by removing 2 screws in the end cap.

A quiet, reliable, and powerful well pump that is made in American with a 2-year manufacturer warranty. We believe Star JHU10 1 HP is one of the best deep well pumps for the money to buy.

Deep Well Submersible Pump – Reviews

When it comes to well pumps, A deep-well submersible pump uses a pressure tank to draw water through a single pipe connecting the inside well to the home. A submersible pump, as its name suggests, is capable of running underwater. The major difference in operation between a submersible pump and the other two pumps is that the submersible pump pushes the water out, rather than pulls it. A submersible pump can extract water from depths up to 400 feet.

#1. Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A Deep Well Submersible Pump – Our Pick

Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A Deep Well Submersible Pump


Hallmark Industries MA0414X-7A Deep Well Submersible Pump is our pick as the deep well pump on the market. The best submersible well pump such as this one will ensure you have a good supply of fresh water at all times.

The first impressions of this pump are that the build quality is actually very nice. The entire pump is made of stainless steel, and the top part of the pump where it meets the piping is made of cast iron. The cast iron is especially important to me because it will be supporting the weight of the entire installation, which means that a sturdy material like this is essential.

The MA0414X-7A is a 2 wire pump with 3-Wire (2 wires + ground wire) and a 10′ long electric cord with a built-in control box. So it does not require an external control box, unlike other submersible pumps.

Although this pump is an industrial grade, its price and performance make it suitable for domestic use on 4’’ diameter wells. The MA0414X-7A comes to 1 HP motor which operates on 230V and 60HZ with patented impeller provides heavy duty high flow that provides 33 GPM flow and 207 feet max head when no pressure tank.

If you’re looking for a deep well submersible pump reliable, efficient and affordable price the MA0414X-7A is the answer. It also is our pick for the best deep well submersible pump.

#2. Red Lion RL12G05-3W2V Submersible Deep Well Pump with Control Box, 1/2-HP

Red Lion RL12G05-3W2V Submersible Deep Well Pump


The Red Lion RL12G05-3W2V is second in our top list of the best deep well submersible pump. It comes to 4” submersible deep well pump is ideal for use in 4″ i.d. or larger wells from depths of 100 feet.

It is powered by a 3-wire, Franklin electric motor. This means it has a separate control box that can be mounted on a wall or somewhere nearby the well. Two-wire well pumps do not use a control box. All the elements already come built within the motor or pump house itself. This allows for easier installation. However, if any of the starting components fail, the pump will have to be pulled up and the whole motor will have to be replaced

It uses up 1/2 horsepower and gives a maximum water flow rate of 12 gallons per minute. It can provide to the average household.

It’s manufactured from tough and corrosion/rust-resistant stainless steel to deliver long-lasting service. This is boosted by the hex rubber bearing for better stability and shock absorption.

The Red Lion brand is an American brand. It’s one of the leaders in the submersible deep well pump on the market. This is the brand you can definitely trust.

How To Choose The Best Well Pump?

If your family relies on a well for water, it’s important to have the right type of pump with enough power to keep the water flowing, which affects its efficiency, lifespan, and ultimate cost. To make a decision on which type of pump will work best for any certain application, you need a little more research prior to purchasing a new pump.

Choose the best well pump
how to choose the best well pump


1. How Deep Is Your Well?

The well depth will give you an overview of the pump options.

The simple method looks at your well driller’s well report – it should list the depth to water.

But If not available you can easily determine the depth to water by using an ordinary fishing pole with a full reel of line. Attach a sinker to the line, drop it down to the bottom of the well, and take up the slack. Using a permanent marker, mark the line at ground level. Reel in the line and measure the distance between the mark and the sinker. This is the well depth.

You can Static Water Level measure at this step, which is a determining factor when choosing the proper pump and depth to place the pump.

A Shallow Well Jet Pumps can pump water from 0’ to 25’ deep. Convertible Well Jet Pumps pump water from 0’ to 90’ deep. A Convertible Well Jet Pump can operate between 0’ to 25’ with a shallow jet well nozzle or between 25’ to 110’ deep with an ejector assembly. Deep Well Submersible Pumps attach to the bottom of the drop pipe and can operate in wells from 25’ up to 400’ deep.

2. What is The Diameter of Your Well Casing?

The diameter of your well casing determines what type of well pump you need. If you do not have a well casing, you have a shallow well. Some well casings are 2” and require special accessories with a convertible jet well pump. If your well casing is 4” or more in diameter, you can use either a jet well pump or a deep well submersible pump, depending on the depth of your well.

3. What Size Well Pump Do You Need?

In general, higher horsepower pumps put out more water (the GPM flow rate is higher). Different models of the jet pump are designed differently.

A 1/2 HP pump can provide water to a small house with one bathroom and just a couple of people. If you have a 2nd bathroom that can use at the same time as the first, or if your household might run the laundry at the same time as the shower. Going with higher horsepower is going to provide the extra water your household will need.

In cases of a house with multiple bathrooms, multiple people, and the possibility of a sprinkler system, laundry, and Pressure washes might be running, then you probably need to go with one of the 1 HP or more models.

But to have a perfectly well water system you need you to need to study more.

4. How Much Does a Well Pump Cost to Replace?

The factors that need to consider when purchasing a new, or replacing an old well pump are as follows:

  • Gallons per Minute (GPM) – When considering the purchase of a well pump, the ratings of the gallons per minute are an important factor to consider. More flow rate needs more cost.
  • Materials – Well pumps are made up of different materials like thermoplastic, stainless steel, and cast iron. The prices of pumps will vary depending upon the type of materials they are made up of. In general, the thermoplastic cost less than their cast-iron, and the cast-iron cost less than the stainless steel. When deciding which system will offer you the best value, it’s worth looking at your pump system in terms of value, not cost.
  • Quality, Size, and Depth – Good quality well pumps will be more costly than pumps that are towards the lower end of quality and the cost of the pumps are also dependent on their size. Another thing that needs to be considered for the cost of a well pump is its depth. This includes the depth of the waterline and its distance from the roof of the well.

The costs mentioned below may vary depending upon the gallons per minute, the horsepower, added features, and the materials that the well pumps are made up of such as, stainless steel, carbon-ceramic, cast iron, or thermoplastic.

It is also dependent upon the quality and size of the well pumps, and their depth and local labor rates. but I can provide typical costs:

Jet pump $300 to $500s
Shallow well jet pump $100 to $500 or more
Deep well jet pumps $175 to $800 or more
Deep well Submersible pumps $200 to $1,200 or more

Well Pump FQA

Q.What should I do if I’m out of water?
A. Check the circuit breaker for the well pump to determine if adequate power is available to run the pump. Check pressure gauge at the tank to see if there’s the pressure at the tank.
Check to see if there’s water at the boiler drain (faucet) at the tank. If you have water here, you may have a restriction in the plumbing distribution system (e.g. water filtration equipment).

Q. How often do I need to test my water?
A.  The Wisconsin DNR recommends that private wells be tested annually for coliform bacteria to ensure continued safe drinking water.  Your water should also be tested if you notice a change in the taste or odor. Numerous other contaminants can be tested for, however, coliform bacteria is the most common.

Q. Do I need to put a check valve in the pipe down to my pump?
A. Our pumps are equipped with a check valve in the discharge of the pump. It is not a bad idea to add an additional check valve for every 100’ or so of drop pipe you use. This can help to break up the water column so that one check valve does not have to hold all the weight of the water.

Q. Where do I find the model number and date of manufacture on my pump?

A. The pump’s info label on the pump will have the model number and date code on it. The date code is usually a combination of letters and numbers.

Q. What voltage do these pumps need?

A. Most of the ½ HP pumps are set to run on 115 volts only. Most of the ¾ HP and 1 HP pumps are switchable – they can run on 230v or 115v. The motor has a switch in it to set the running voltage.

Q.You make these pumps in cast iron and plastic. Which one is better?

A. The manufacturers make both kinds because there is a demand for both kinds. The internals of both types of the pump (as well as most of our competition’s pumps) is made of thermoplastic parts. The case is only there to hold the pump together and protect it. The cast iron may be a bit stronger in case you have your pump in an area where it could get jostled or hit by something. More important than the type of material the body is made of, is to choose the pump that will perform best in your application.

Q.What is the difference between a “pre-charged pressure tank” and a regular one?
A. A pre-charged bladder style tank has a bladder inside of it that is made of vinyl. The bladder is surrounded by pressurized air. Your well pump will push water into the bladder under pressure. When the pump shuts off, the water is held inside the tank by a one-way check valve in the piping system. When someone opens up a faucet, shower, etc. the air pressure inside the tank will squeeze on the bladder and force the water out.

Q.How big of a tank do I need?
A. When it comes to pressure tanks, bigger is better. Period. The whole idea of having a tank is to store water under pressure so it’s ready to use in the house. It prevents the pump from having to turn on every time a little water is needed.  One of the biggest factors in shortening a pump’s life is frequent starts. Having a big pressure tank means that you have that much more water stored. It means the pump will not have to turn on for a longer period of time. That helps prevent the pump from having to start often. In short, when it comes to choosing a pressure tank, you want to buy as big a tank as you can afford and have room for.

How Does A Well Work?

A well is simply a hole in the ground that reaches down to an aquifer, which is a structure that is created to tap into and deliver ground water, to a home or structure for use.

Used for decades, it is a viable way to attain water for any structure in almost every region. Wells come in different shapes and sizes, depending on the soil conditions and how much water is needed

If you have a well system, it’s good to understand how it works so you can give it the maintenance it needs.

water well construction

Well Casing

The casing is typically 4 to 6 inches in diameter and extends from above the ground surface into the aquifer. The casing provides a connection to the groundwater and a pathway for bringing the water to the surface.

There is usually a well screen on the end of the casing to filter out rocks and sediment.

The type of casing chosen depends on the drilling method, local geological conditions, and natural groundwater quality and the type of pump.

Well Screen

If a well pumps water from a sand or gravel aquifer. The well screen is usually attached to the bottom of the casing.

This screen filters out tiny bits of debris from your water source that allows water to move through it while preventing sand and gravel from entering the well.

The screen is typically made of stainless steel, carbon steel, plastic, or brass.

An envelope of sand or gravel is placed outside the well screen, between the screen and the borehole wall. It keeps fine sediment from entering the screen and also promotes the movement of water into the well.


Grouting is the placement of a sealing material such as neat cement or bentonite into the annular space. Between a well casing and the borehole created during well construction. It is necessary to fill the annular space to keep surface water and other contaminants from entering the well.

The usual method is to insert a 3/4- to 1-1/4-inch diameter pipe (known as a grout pipe or tremie pipe) down to the bottom of the space between the well casing and the borehole. Both shallow and deep well pumps require good grouting.

Well Pump

If your water well was a living creature, the pump would be its heart. This is the main and most important component of the entire system. A pump is used to push or lift water from the well into your household plumbing.

There are as many different kinds of well pumps as there are requirements, although selection factors often depend on the depth of the water the diameter of the well casing

Water well pumps are divided into two main styles: shallow well pumps and deep well pumps. The normal limit for a shallow well suction pump is 25 feet at sea level. This limit declines with higher altitudes. Deep well pumps are either submersible pumps that are used to pump water uphill from its inlet. It is below the water level as is the rest of the pump. Or they are two pipe jet pumps.

Submersible deep well pumps are lowered into the well pipe by a rope that also has the electric power leads anchored to it. These are usually impeller style pumps. Another common style of the pump for this deep well work is the jet style pump. Jet pumps rely on the Venturi principle. If piped correctly, jet pumps can be used in the deep well capacity. Or jet pumps can be used as a suction style shallow well pump. The standard lower limits for deepwater well pumps are 80’ to 100’ versus 25’ for the shallow ones.

Pressure Tanks

Most water systems include a water storage container called a pressure tank. The pressure tank has three purposes:

  • To store water and provide water under pressure when the pump is not running.
  • Provide a reserve supply of water for use during times of high demand.
  • Build up a reserve supply of water each time the pump runs, so the pump has to start and stop less often. This serves to prolong the life of the pump.

As water is pumped from the well into the pressure tank, it compresses the air in the tank until it reaches a preset level, typically 40 to 60 pounds per square inch (psi).

When someone turns on a faucet, air pressure in the tank forces water throughout the plumbing until the pressure drops to the preset trigger pressure, usually the 20 to 40 psi

Pressure tank size and the drawdown will depend on the amount of water the pump can draw into the home in 1 to 2 minutes.

If your home uses more than the average amount of water or has a well with a low yield, a larger pressure tank may be needed

Pressure Switch

A pressure-sensitive switch monitors the pressure in the tank and switches the pump on when the pressure falls below the switch’s cut-in value.

It switches the pump off when the pressure reaches the cut-out value. This switch has a that allows you to adjust cut-in and cut-out pressure together, and another one for adjusting just the cut-out pressure. Properly adjusting the switch extends the life of the pressure pump.

Must-Have Accessories for well Pumps

1. Check Valve


One of the most important parts of a well pump system is a check valve. Their job is to prevent water in the column above the pump and in the pressure tank from draining back into the well when the pump shuts off.

Along with holding water pressure in your system. Your check valve assists in the smooth and safe operation of your water system by extending its life and preventing backspin, up-thrust and water hammer

The Zoeller 30-0181 PVC Plastic Check Valve is one of the best check value most popular on the market.

2.Pressure tank.


The pressure tanks are most commonly used on home water systems from a private well, that is designed to serve as water storage, provides the pressure to move the water through the plumbing system the well services and regulates the number of times the well pump has to be turned on to keep your water system efficient.

A well water pressure tank stores several gallons or more of water under pressure, allowing the tank to supply fixtures after the pump has turned off. This prevents the pump from cycling on every time water is needed, extending its lifespan.

If you are looking for a sturdy and reliable tank, the Amtrol WX-202 Well Pressure Tank will be the best choice.



  1. Thanks for explaining that deep-well submersible pumps use pressure tanks to send the water through the pipes and into the home. My husband and I are interested in having a water well drilled, so I’ve been doing some research online about how they work. I wasn’t sure how submersible pumps worked, so I appreciate you sharing that info here!

  2. I have not checked in here for some time because I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are good quality so I guess I will add you back to my everyday bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  3. It looks like measuring how deep my well is would help in knowing what water well pump I need so someone can install it for me. The diameter of the well casing will be important to know if it’s a good fit as well. I might ask around for a consultation on what size I will need so that I can get a good flow going.

  4. Since centrifugal pumps are the most commonly used type of well pump for water wells, I might have one installed by a service that offers it. I wasn’t aware that there are three common well pump types to consider so I might go with a convertible. If in case the pump is too deep, I might opt for a deep well submersible pump so that I can still get the water I need for my house.

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  19. My husband and I just moved into a house with a well and we wanted some advice since we’ve never had one before. I didn’t know if you get the wrong type of pump for your house, your house’s water pressure could be too low. I’ll have to hire a well pump service to come out to the house, so I can get the right pump and use my well effectively, thanks to this post!

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  23. My sister bought a house and she was surprised that there is a well outside the house. There is a scarcity of water in their area and she is looking for a professional to install a well pump for them. Her husband already bought the check valve and the pressure tank, they are in urgent need of a professional to install it the soonest possible time.

  24. I like that you said that water pressure tanks stores gallons of water under pressure allowing the tank to supply enough water for fixtures. My friend told me that his well tank is not big enough, and he wants to make some changes to it. I{m going to let him know about calling a professional to help him make the changes.

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  27. That’s interesting that 15 million US households rely on private wells for water for any number of uses. My sister needs a new well on her country property. She’ll have to have a well drilling service come and make a new one for her.

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